Wednesday, July 19, 2017

(TV) Game of Thrones: Game of Thrones season 7 episode 2 "Stormborn": Trailer (HBO)




(TV) Game of Thrones Season 7 Episode 1 Review: ‘Dragonstone’

(Photo Credit: HBO)
Game of Thrones
Season 7, Episode 1
By Garrett Yoshitomi

Game of Thrones is back! But, you probably don’t need me to tell you that. It’s been a long offseason for Game of Thrones, which typically airs in the spring. However, the need for dreary winter skies pushed filming, for season seven, into February, two months later than any of the previous six seasons wrapped. That extra two months might not seem like a long time, but the wait for fans has been real, and season seven figures to be one of the most anticipated seasons of any show, ever. The first trailer for season seven dropped in late May, and quickly reached 61 million views in the first 24 hours, a record for a TV trailer during that time span.

But, it’s not just the extra two months of waiting that has fans riled up. With this Song of Ice and Fire fast approaching its final measure, we’re only two short seasons away from the end of Game of Thrones. In fact, with seasons seven and eight receiving an episode order shorter than the ten we’re accustomed to, in all, there are just thirteen episodes left of Game of Thrones. It's strange to think that this epic tale will soon be reaching its conclusion after gracing our screens for the past half-decade. But, the end is near. “Dragonstone” represents the beginning to this end, as multiple storylines and character arcs that have been teased since the very beginning, finally get put into motion.

(Photo Credit: HBO)
For all the #WinterIsHere hype that HBO has been throwing around, “Dragonstone” is more of a slow burn than some viewers, including myself, might have been expecting. It neither leads with an epic battle, nor ends with a shocking cliffhanger- and that’s okay. Because what “Dragonstone” does is ready the audience for a final act that will unite important plot points that have been scattered throughout the series, and subtly woven into even twist and turn of this six year journey. For a lot of viewers, remembering what an Umber or a Karstark is, or even just understanding the significance of Dragonstone, will seem frivolous. But, these are crucial world-building details that will ultimately make these last thirteen episodes more enjoyable to watch- even if most of what you're watching for is some sweet, sweet Drogon vs. White Walker action.

Last year's reunion, between Jon Snow and Sansa Stark, was one of the high points of the season, made even better by their eventual victory over Ramsey Bolton, and subsequent reclamation of Winterfell. Fans have been yearning for a Stark family reunion since season one, but with the number of episodes, as well as Stark children, dwindling, it’s possible that Jon and Sansa might be the longest lasting one we’ll get. A big storyline heading into this season, though, has been the relationship between Jon and Sansa, and whether Jon's rise to power, in the North, might ignite jealousy and hostility between them. Given how long it's been since the Starks have had a 'W' tossed their way, it would be a shame if Jon and Sansa are brought back together, only to be quickly torn apart by infighting.

(Photo Credit: HBO)
The main point of contention between Jon and Sansa, this episode, is how he handles the punishments, or lack thereof, for the Umber and Karstark families. If you’ll remember, though both houses were loyal to the Starks for centuries, they withdrew their support for Robb Stark, during the War of the Five Kings (season 3), and subsequently swore fealty to the Boltons, who had subsequently taken over Winterfell. The heads of the Umber and Karstark houses, the men who personally decided to abandon the Starks, both died during the Battle of the Bastards, which according to Jon is punishment enough for both houses, though Sansa disagrees. For now, it appears as if the conflict between Jon and Sansa will be kept at bay. Although, it’s easy to see Sansa growing resentful towards Jon, especially if he continues to treat her like his little sister, rather than as a capable and savvy political adviser.

Poor Sam can't seem to catch a break. Even after he manages to leave the dinginess of Castle Black for Oldtown, he still finds himself trapped in his own personal nightmare of soul-numbing, elbow grease-requiring, manual labor. The brief montage of Sam's daily routine of scrubbing chamber pots and eating stew (hopefully not in that order) is incredibly well done, and feels almost melodic. And, in a show that sometimes sees its lighter moments run too few and far between, Sam remains a rare source of levity, and dare I say, even comic relief. It seems fairly obvious that Sam's stay at the Citadel will yield a significant amount of plot progressing information and world-building. But, I'm not ready to completely rule out the possibility of some action taking place, as we get a heavy hint towards one way Sam's arc will intersect with another major storyline.

(Photo Credit: HBO)
We get a nice sequence between Cersei and Jaime this episode, and it will be interesting to see how their dynamic evolves with Cersei's ascension to the Iron Throne coinciding with (and resulting directly from) the death of their last child, Tommen. For the past several seasons, the Lannister twins have moved along opposite trajectories, with Cersei growing more ruthless and vindictive, while Jaime's developed a stronger sense of compassion and honor. The Lannister's have always operated from a position of power, but for the first time all series, Cersei and Jaime find themselves playing from behind. Normally, these two star-crossed siblings can count on their devotion to each other, but it's fair to wonder if this will change, now that their backs rest squarely against the wall, and with their differing opinions on how best to handle desperate situations. Cersei's violent, sociopathic methods, and manic desire to rule, will hardly sit well with Jaime, who infamously struck down his own king (Mad King Aerys) for the same behavior. But, at the same time, Jaime has always cared much more deeply for Cersei than she has for him, meaning that any act of defiance, on his part, will not be made easily, if at all.

In the short term, we’ll have to be content with Cersei going toe-to-toe with the likes of Euron Greyjoy. Euron made a couple of appearances last season, but for the most part, he’s a relatively new and unknown character. He lacks the bad guy resume of a more experienced Tywin Lannister or Ramsey Bolton; and as a Greyjoy, it’s reasonable to assume that his bark is considerably worse than his bite- not exactly the hallmark of a feared villain. But, as far as early season antagonists go, we could do a lot worse (*cough*Sand Snakes*cough*). Euron’s got that iron price swagger to him, and seems just dangerous and sinister enough to provide a compelling first challenge to Daenerys and her forces.  

(Photo Credit: HBO)
Surprisingly, this episode’s namesake, “Dragonstone,” doesn’t make an appearance until the closing minutes. After spending six seasons consolidating power in the neighboring continent of Essos, Daenerys Targaryen finally touches down in Westeros, specifically in Dragonstone, the ancestral seat of her family. This scene by itself isn’t particularly rousing, though we do get some nice shots of Dany making her way through the castle she was born in, and the absence of dialogue throughout is quite powerful. But, it’s more what this scene represents- from timid young girl to Mother of Dragons. The conclusion of a journey six years in the making, to the start of a new journey to reclaim the kingdom that had been under her family’s rule for nearly three centuries.


But, just like Daenerys can’t expect to conquer Westeros with a single trip to Dragonstone, we can’t expect Game of Thrones to dive right into the action with the first episode. “Dragonstone” is unexpectedly action-less save for a scene or two at the beginning, but it’s not uncharacteristic of this show, at all, to have an episode mostly dedicated to exposition. There have always been a lot of moving parts in Game of Thrones, but as we enter the series’ home stretch, the way these parts move and interact is of the utmost importance, and requires deliberate setup. There’s a lot to look forward to for the rest of season seven, as evidenced by its record-breaking trailer, but with the series’ end in sight, even the episodes where swords remain sheathed, and arrows un-nocked, deserve to be savored just as much as the “Hardhomes” and “Battle of the Bastards” of the world.

Tuesday, July 4, 2017

(The Big Disrupt) Google: Why Google's future In Europe Is About Get Expensive






With the news of Google being slapped with a record 2.4 billion fine, it caps an end of a saga that really isn't over just yet. Google were found last week to be guilty of abusing their dominant market position in search to promote its Google shopping service over its competitors

This really should send shivers down the spine of other tech giants such as Facebook, Apple and Amazon who habitually use their dominant position in one market to bolster a service in other. Indeed, one of the reasons why Google, Facebook, Apple and Amazon are so feared is because they can use their dominance one or more markets along with a large war chest to bury even their most strident competitors into submission. 

The last decade or so has produced one case study after another of US tech companies beating their competitors to a pulp whether its Apple taking over the smartwatch market in a matter of months or Facebook using its dominant position in social media to copy snapchat out of existence as the self-titled camera company currently hovers just above its original IPO price 

With this in mind, it's little surprise that Walmart, a highly profitable company that represents 14% of the $700 billion grocery market, has 4,692 stores and a world class distribution network took a big hit on Wall Street when Amazon, barely a blip in the marketplace, made headlines for buying Whole Foods, which only has 466 stores and a 1.2% share of the market 

In any other case, Walmart would have nothing to worry about but since Amazon enjoys a dominant position in more than one marketplace and has one of best loyalty programs ever in Amazon primeit can quickly hoover up market share offering its other services (for a time at least) free to entice prime subscribers to shop at Whole Foods online or click and collect in store.  

In short, Google, Facebook, Apple and Amazon pose a threat to competition in any market they enter and no one knows this more than the EU. While the 2.4 billion fine isn't exactly going to bring Google to its knees, the EU has been sniffing round Google's mobile open source OS Android accusing the Mountain View based company of forcing manufactures to load its apps over competitors which should concern Google as it may have a better case however, not much has happened since last year.        
In truth, Google and other US based tech giants run the risk breaking EU antitrust law as it focuses on the anti-competitive behaviour of dominant companies that effect the it actual competitors as opposed to the American tradition of protecting consumers from the use of  the dominant firms market power. 

While Google dominance in the search and mobile OS markets has been probed by the Federal Trade Commission in the past, it has largely come out of its battles with the FTC unscathed as the FTC has been unable to prove that Google's dominance negatively impacts consumers given most of Google's products and services are either free or priced competitively in the markets it operates in.  

What this means is that the FTC can't punish Google for using its dominance in one or more markets to bolster a service in another even if that service itself becomes a dominant player so long as it provides net benefits to the end consumer.  

However, antitrust in Europe is a different monster entirely and Google in particular could end up cutting more checks than it bargained for as the EU legal process is nowhere near as litigious as its American counterpart and Google has a lot of powerful enemies, Oracle, Microsoft and Newscorp among them, who are more than willing provide evidence against the company through the EU's complaints driven system. 

In sum, Google may be 2.4 billion pounds lighter but with the EU looking to bring Silicon Valley behemoths like it to heel and its bevy of rivals all too willing to help, fines in the billions could become business as usual. 

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